Leg Varicose Veins
Welcome to "Varicose Veins in the Legs" - your online source for preventing and treating varicose and spider veins...
On a Mission of Helping with Leg Varicose Veins therapy and the healing & disease prevention powers of good health, diet and exercise...
Leg varicose veins are swollen, twisted, and sometimes painful veins that have filled with an abnormal collection of blood.
What Causes Varicose Veins?
In normal veins, valves in the vein keep blood moving forward toward the heart. With varicose veins, the valves do not function properly, allowing blood to remain in the vein. Pooling of blood in a vein causes it to enlarge.
This process usually occurs in the veins of the legs, although it may occur elsewhere. Varicose veins are common, affecting mostly women.
Varicose veins can be caused by:
- Defective valves from birth (congenitally defective valves)
Standing for extended times and having increased pressure in the abdomen can make you more likely to develop spider veins and varicose veins in the legs, or may even cause the condition to worsen.
Primary varicose veins occur because of congenitally defective valves, or without a known medical cause. Secondary varicose veins occur because of another condition, such as arteries health condition, or when a pregnant woman develops varicose veins.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins
- Fullness, heaviness, aching, and possible leg pain
- Visible, enlarged veins
- Mild swelling of ankles and lower legs
- Brown discoloration of the skin at or near the ankles
- Skin ulcers near the ankle, which are often seen in severe cases
Exams and Tests for Varicose Veins
The diagnosis is mainly based on the appearance of the leg veins when you are standing or seated with the legs dangling.
At times a physician may order a duplex ultrasound exam of the extremity to see blood flow in the veins, and to rule out other disorders of the legs (such as a blood clot). Rarely, an angiogram of the legs may be performed to rule out other disorders, such as arteries disease for example.
Treatment for Varicose Veins
Treatment is usually conservative. You will be asked to avoid excessive standing, raise your legs when resting or sleeping, and wear elastic support hose.
You may need surgery or non surgical treatment for:
- Leg pain, often described as heavy or tired
- Skin ulcers or sores that are caused by poor blood flow through the veins
- Improving the appearance of the legs
- Lipodermatosclerosis - fatty tissue under that skin that hardens over time, caused by high blood pressure in a vein
Vein stripping is surgery to remove varicose veins in the legs. It is usually reserved for patients who are having a lot of pain or who have skin ulcers.
Non-invasive treatments for varicose veins do not involve surgery. Examples are:
- Laser ablation
- Radio frequency ablation
Outlook / Prognosis for Varicose Veins
Varicose veins tend to get worse over time. You can ease discomfort and slow varicose vein progression with self care. Are you looking for "kidney failure"? Check out livekidneydonation The passionate experts in this field are ready to answer all of your requests.
Possible Complications of Varicose Veins
- Phlebitis is chronic inflammation of the vein
- Formation of leg ulcers
- Rupture of a varicose vein -- get information about strong sight vision program at strongsightvisionprogramconsumerreview
When to Contact a Medical Professional for Varicose Veins
Call for an appointment with your health care provider if:
- Varicose veins are painful
- They get worse or do not improve with self-treatment, such as keeping the legs elevated or avoiding excessive standing
- Complications occur, including a sudden increase in pain or swelling, fever, redness of the leg, or leg skin ulcers
Prevention of Varicose Veins
Avoid prolonged standing if personal or family history indicates you are at risk of developing varicose veins.